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The Real North Korea: Life and Politics in the Failed Stalinist Utopia

: Life and Politics in the Failed Stalinist Utopia

[ Paperback ] 바인딩 & 에디션 안내이동
Lankov, Andrei | Oxford University Press, USA | 2014년 12월 01일   저자/출판사 더보기/감추기
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품목정보

품목정보
출간일 2014년 12월 01일
쪽수, 무게, 크기 336쪽 | 460g | 155*231*30mm
ISBN13 9780199390038
ISBN10 0199390037

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책소개 책소개 보이기/감추기

Andrei Lankov has gone where few outsiders have ever been. A native of the former Soviet Union, he lived as an exchange student in North Korea in the 1980s.

He has studied it for his entire career, using his fluency in Korean and personal contacts to build a rich, nuanced understanding. In The Real North Korea, Lankov substitutes cold, clear analysis for the overheated rhetoric surrounding this opaque police state. After providing an accessible history of the nation, he turns his focus to what North Korea is, what its leadership thinks, and how its people cope with living in such an oppressive and poor place.

He argues that North Korea is not irrational, and nothing shows this better than its continuing survival against all odds. A living political fossil, it clings to existence in the face of limited resources and a zombie economy, manipulating great powers despite its weakness. Its leaders are not ideological zealots or madmen, but perhaps the best practitioners of Machiavellian politics that can be found in the modern world.

Even though they preside over a failed state, they have successfully used diplomacy-including nuclear threats-to extract support from other nations. But while the people in charge have been ruthless and successful in holding on to power, Lankov goes on to argue that this cannot continue forever, since the old system is slowly falling apart. In the long run, with or without reform, the regime is unsustainable. Lankov contends that reforms, if attempted, will trigger a dramatic implosion of the regime.

They will not prolong its existence. Based on vast expertise, this book reveals how average North Koreans live, how their leaders rule, and how both survive.

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Transcription ix
Acknowledgments xi
Introduction: North Korea, the Surprisingly Sane Place xiii
Chapter 1 The Society Kim II Sung Built and How He Did It 3
Captain Kim Returns Home 3
The War and What Came After 11
Between Moscow and Beijing: The Foreign Policy of Kim Il Sung's North Korea 17
Dealing with the South 26
The Command Society 34
A Country of Camps 47
The World According to Kim Il Sung 52
The Silver Lining in a Social Disaster 62
The Birth of Juche, the Rise of the Son, and the Slow-Motion Demise of a Hyper-Stalinist Economy 69
Chapter 2 Two Decades of Crisis 77
And Then the World Changed 77
Capitalism Reborn 84
The State Withers Away 90
Taking the Exit Option: Not an Exodus Yet, but… 93
Arrival in Paradise, aka Capitalist Hell 99
Changing Worldviews 103
Chapter 3 The Logic of Survival (Domestically) 111
Reform as Collective Political Suicide 111
Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: (Not-So-Successful) Crackdowns on Market Activity 121
A Disaster That Almost Happened: The Currency Reform of 2009 127
Still Poor and Malnourished, but Starving No More 133
Chapter 4 The Supreme Leader and His Era 139
The Belated Emergence of a "Young General" 139
The Sudden Dawn of a New Era 143
Collapse of the Old Guard 146
The New Policy 155
The New Logic 164
Tensions with the South 168
Chapter 5 Survival Diplomacy 179
Playing the Nuclear Card 180
Aid-Maximizing Diplomacy 184
Meanwhile, in South Korea… (the Rise of 386ers and Its Consequences) 191
A Decade of Sunshine 196
The Sun Sets 206
The Entry of China 213
Interlude: The Contours of a Future: What Might Happen to North Korea in the Next Two Decades 221
Chapter 6 What to Do about the North? 231
Why Sticks Are Not Big Enough 231
Why the Carrots Are Not Sweet Enough (and Why "Strategic Patience" Is Not a Great Idea, Either) 235
Thinking Long Term 239
The Hidden Benefits of Engagement 244
Reaching the People 252
Why They Matter: Working with the Refugees in South Korea 254
Chapter 7 Being Ready for What We Wish For 259
A Perfect Storm 260
A Provisional Confederation as the Least Unacceptable Solution 269
Something about Painkillers… 278
Conclusion: No Easy Ending 285
Notes 289
Index 301
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